To the west of Najaf and in a wide area with a very beautiful scene, it is near Safi Safa Shrine and along Al-Miheet Street in the southern side of the old city in Najaf; you can see the natural depression of Najaf Sea. Najaf Sea is considered today one of the most fertilizing agricultural areas in Najaf for planting vegetables and field yields. In addition, palm trees are too much in this area.
Nothing left of Najaf Sea Except the name, because its water dried in (1240 A.H.). Other historians claimed that its water was dried in ((1305 A.H. – 1887 A.D.) and also said that there were many crashed ships crashed in its hall. The sea was a location where ships were lunch, carrying goods and people.
The Climate of Najaf
The climate of the city is desert climate of hot dry in the summer. In summer, especially in July, the hot wind (Al-Semom) is blowing. The temperature of these winds may reach (45Cْ). The winter months are December, January, and February. The climate is very cold. The rain season is in spring and autumn. However, the general climate is Temperate Zone. The area was a location for Al – Hira Kings, who were building their, mansions like Al – Khawarnaq, Al – Sadeer, and Abi Al – khaseeb. After the kings of Hira, the Abbassian Kings built their mansions in it and it became their place for tourism because of its pure air and moderation of the climate.